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FAQs/Tips

 
Cultural Notes
All roses require an open, sunny well drained position with at least 5 hrs of sun per day, preferably more. Roses will grow very well in shaded areas but the quantity & quality of flowers will diminish as the percentage of shade increases. An exception to this is “Shady Lady” which flowers well in the shade. In coastal areas ,protection from persistent wind is essential for good blooms.

Soil
Soil types vary so much depending on where you are but roses are very adaptable and with some help from the gardener will flourish in most soil types. Best soils are the loamy or loose friable top soils over a good clay sub-soil. Light sandy soils can be ok but require large quantities of compost and/or animal manures annually as well as more frequent watering in hot weather.

Mulching
Mulching is advisable with all soil types and provides many benefits such as the need for less watering and weeding and also retains better average soil temperature.
The best mulches to use are;
Hay, sugar cane, Lucerne, pea straw, tea tree and horse or cow manure.
All mulches need to be applied 100 to 150 mm thick

Planting Roses
As all our plants are 2 year old pot grown, the following instructions apply to pot grown plants specifically.
Pot grown plants can be safely planted out any time of the year. Simply dig the hole 150mm deeper than the pot and using the 200mm pot as a measure put ½ a pot full of poultry manure or Terra Firma Organic life (pelletised poultry manure) in the bottom of the hole. Mix the manure with the soil then remove the rose from the pot and without disturbing the roots place into the hole. Back fill the soil and press firmly all around the plant with the balls of your feet, then add then another ½ pot of Terra Firma onto the surface around the plant. Soak generously with water.
It is most important not to let the pots dry out at any stage after purchasing and prior to planting. During hot weather potted roses need to be watered every day.
(Image rose: Burgandy Iceburg)

Growing Roses in Tubs or Pots
Roses can be successfully grown permanently in containers provided you select a large container – at least 20 litre capacity and 300 to 400mm in diameter.
Using a good brand of potting mix (do not use soil), half fill the container and add a small handful Osmocote Rose Superfeeder. Carefully remove the rose from its pot and without disturbing the roots place into the container. Fill in and around the plant with more potting mix and water well. Feed every six months with Osmocote Rose Superfeeder.

Feeding Roses

A rose is a tough plant provided it is well fed. We recommend heavy annual applications of animal manures. The rose is an exotic plant and has a requirement for soils that are humus enriched. Generally the soils here and right along the eastern seaboard of Australia are very deficient in any natural humus content. This, however is easily rectified by heavy applications of compost and any animal manures – poultry being the best by far. As well as the NPK nutrients they also provide humus and various forms of bacteria that is essential for a health rose.

We recommend Terrafirma Organic Life pellets at the rate of at least 5 litres per plant per year, best applied July to September and spread on the soil around each plant. An alternative is to use “Blooming Roses” at the rate of 100gm every 6 weeks.
Foliage Feeding
Roses respond well to applications of any liquid foliage feed products, with liquid seaweed and liquid fish type products the best. We use and recommend Eco- Aminogro & Eco-cweed Remember that foliage feeding is always a supplement to the ground application of manures and not to be used instead of.
 
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Pruning
 
Summer Pruning
During the summer, the picking of your rose blooms on  long stems also suffices as summer pruning. Should blooms become fully blown on the plant, simply dead head by pruning off on a long stem the same as you would when picking blooms.

Winter Pruning
Pruning should be done from mid July through to end of August in warmer areas and June through to July in colder climates.

Hybrid Tea & Floribunda
Should be reduced to the 2 to 5 best growths and shortened to approximately 300mm above the graft union as roses flower on new wood. Remember that most of the blooms for the approaching summer will be produced on wood that has yet to grow.

Heritage & David Austin
Should only be lightly pruned. Remove any deadwood and light spindly growth. Shorten the remaining growths to 1 – 1 ½ metres above the ground.

Climbers
Avoid pruning climbers too much as pruning any plant stimulates that plant to grow more vigorously. In the case of climbers, the flowers in the main are borne on the side shoots that come off each of the buds along the previous seasons canes. Climbers need to be trained and the canes intertwined amongst themselves throughout the growing season. During July & August remove all deadwood and in the case of older plants which have fully covered their designated area, simply prune back to contain them within that area.

Spraying your Roses
There are 2 reasons why we spray roses;
  1. To control pests & diseases
  2. To foliage feed your rose.

At Benefields Rose Farm we only use & recommend Eco products. Eco insecticide products are non poisonous and environmentally friendly and are designed to knock out the bad pests while leaving the good pests. This is a form of integrated pest control. i.e Eco- oil controls sucking insects like scale,mites and aphids but doesn’t hurt lady bird beetles & other predatory insects that eat aphids. Eco- fungicide products are designed to change the environment and make it difficult for black spot and mildews to proliferate.

We suggest the following spray programs and remind you that all Eco products should be used in accordance with manufacturers recommendations;

Pest & Diseases
  • Eco- Oil – controls sucking insects
  • Eco- Neen – controls chewing insects
  • Eco- Rose – Controls powdery mildew and black spot
  • Lime Sulphur- Controls white louse scale which appears as a white powder on the butt of the plant and slowly spreads up into the foliage area.
 
Foliage Feeding
These Eco products are designed to enhance the growth & performance of your roses when sprayed on the leaves. They also help plants withstand stress from hot & cold and wet & dry.


All the above products are fully compatible with each other and can be applied all together as one spray.

Frequency
For successful results you need to have a disciplined approach. Sprays need to be applied every 2 weeks. Whilst one off sprays are not very effective these products are very safe. Please read instructions on container regarding use & storage.










 
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"Imagine walking through beautiful roses with heady perfume. Benefields have a wonderful selection of all types of roses; climbers, bush roses, minature roses, carpet roses etc. If they haven't got it, they will get it for you. The whole place is landscaped and glorious! Also, they sell a huge selection of shrubs and other lovely plants. The prices are well below those of other garden centres, and I have been to many. I have never had anything that hasn't thrived. I would recommend Benefields Roses to anyone."
-Anonymous